عدد الرسائل : 664
تاريخ التسجيل : 22/06/2008
|موضوع: THE AFFIRMATION OF ALLAH'S CHARACTERISTICS الثلاثاء 3 مارس - 15:00|| |
THE AFFIRMATION OF ALLAH'S CHARACTERISTICS
(WITHOUT NEGATION, ANALOGY, DISTORTION OR SPECULATION)
The Author: "Part of the belief in Allah is the belief in all that with which He has described Himself in His Book or with which His Prophet (sas) has described Him without any distortion, negation, speculation (as to the exact nature of these attributes), nor analogy (i.e. between Allah's attributes and those of His creation bearing the same names)."
This section is a more detailed explanation of the first pillar of Iman: belief in Allah Most High. This is, of course the most fundamental principle in Islam, and the foundation of all other principles of belief and action.
Distortion of the Names and Attributes themselves (i.e. the words) and (b) Distortion of their meanings.
The Jahmiy (follower of the deviations of Al-Jahm ibn Safwan) negates Allah's statement about himself that he "sat on the throne" by adding an extra letter to the word in the Qur'an.
[Istawaa 'alaa al-'arsh] ==> [Istawlaa 'alaa al-'arsh]
The innovators who changed the case of a noun in the Qur'an in an effort to negate Allah's attribute of speech:
[Wa kallama Allahu Musa takleeman] ==> [Wa kallama Allaha Musa takleeman]
Others distorted meanings of Allah's attributes without actually changing the words. Examples include those who said that Allah's anger (Ghadhab) means His intention to punish, His mercy (Rahma) means his intention to have mercy, His hand (Yad) is His generosity or His power, etc.
The meaning of the word is to leave, neglect or be done with something, or for something to be unused and nonfunctional. The technical meaning here is the negation or denial of any or all of Allah's Attributes. Negation of Allah's attributes can be divided into three categories:
Negation of the Exalted Perfection of Allah Most High via the negation of His Names and Glorious Attributes such as was done by the Jahmiya and the Mu'tazila.
Negation through negation of appropriate interaction with Allah and neglect of worship of Him and obedience to Him, or the association of others with Him in acts of worship and/or obedience.
Negation of the relationship of the creation to its Creator, such as the negation of the philosophers who claimed that this physical universe has no beginning, and that it has always and will always work according to its own internal rules. They turn Allah into an essence with no attributes - which is an impossibility!
Speculation and Analogy (At-Takyeef wa At-Tamtheel):
At-Takyeef means attempts to ascribe a detailed understanding of the exact nature of the various attributes with which Allah has described Himself. At-Tamtheel means to make a direct comparison or analogy between one of Allah's attributes and a human attribute having the same name, such as the comparison of Isa by the Christians to Allah Most High, or that of Uzair by the Jews or that of the idols by the polytheists to Allah Most High. Likewise the Mushabbiha among the Muslims who compare Allah with His creation by saying that He has a face like our faces, hands like our hands, hearing and sight like ours, etc.
The author said elsewhere: "Rather [the believers] believe that Allah Most High is not comparable to anything or anyone else, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing. They do not negate or deny any of that with which He described Himself, nor [do they] distort the words out of their proper context. They do not deviate [with respect to] His Names and His Verses. They do not seek detailed descriptions of the exact nature of His attributes without sources of that knowledge, nor compare His attributes with those of His creation, because there are none comparable to Him, nor any equal or partner!"
Tauhid of Allah's Names and Attributes means belief in everything which has come in the Qur'an and the authenticated hadith regarding Allah's attributes with which He described Himself in the Qur'an, or with which His Prophet (sas) has described Him. A Muslim must believe in the reality of these attributes just as they have come in the above sources, without attempting to analyze the "how" of any of them, nor to attempt to represent them with something else, nor to view them as equivalent to something else, nor to re-interpret them with other than their apparent meanings in the Arabic language, nor to distort or negate them maintaining the belief that...
[There is nothing whatsoever similar to Him, and He is the Hearer, the Seer.] Ash-Shooraa/11
[Say: He is Allah, the One * Allah, the one sought for all needs, the self-sufficient, the eternal. * He bears not offspring, nor was He born, * And there exists nothing comparable to Him.] Qur'an Al-Ikhlaas/all
[And to Allah belong the best of names, so call Him with them, and leave those who deviate with regard to His names - they will be fully repaid for all that they used to do.] As- A'raaf/180